Planting Trees to Curb Flooding
With the rapidly expanding structures in urban areas in the New Hampshire, pollution and storm water have increasingly become major problems. Various frameworks need to be put in place to mitigate the impacts of the increasing population in towns and cities.
One of the most sustainable ways of improving air quality and neutralizing the effects of pollution is creating urban forests. Urban forestry is simply the science, art and technology of managing trees and other natural systems in and around built-up areas.
The government, NGOs, lobby groups and other practitioners must team up with the local communities to develop strategies that govern the management of trees in urban areas.
Stakeholders should combine best management practices and strategic planning with awareness campaigns meant to educate people on the importance of trees - to the economy, the community and to the environment.
These practices ensure that the systems created are sustainable and cost-effective. It cannot be questioned that urban forests are major components of infrastructure in our cities and towns that make them look better.
Sustainable management of trees in towns can be realized only if practitioners strategically plan, measure, monitor and account for actions that are designed to foster urban forestry.
Woods, trees and green spaces create an ambient environment that most people cherish. People would like to be connected to a natural environment in some way and that’s what is provided by trees. Green spaces in towns help in curbing the 'urban island heat effect’ . In addition, these greeneries provide pleasant places where people can walk and relax.
How Trees Can Help Reduce Flooding
Heavy storms during winter are becoming more common and it’s predicted that these variable weather patterns are likely to continue because of global warming. There are many factors that contribute to flooding in urban areas. Trees play a vital role when it comes to reducing the effects of floods in towns and cities. A study shows that around two-thirds of flooding in towns is as a result of surface runoff.
Surface water flooding can pose a great danger to people, infrastructure and property. This type of flooding is common in urban areas because of vast areas of hard surfaces that cannot allow infiltration. In towns, rainwater falls on tarmac and concrete, they collect on the surface, then start to rush down the streets into the sewers and drains. At times, the drains get overwhelmed making the excess water flood the town.
Also, the way people live can heighten the problem. Most people usually pave their front gardens to provide parking space. This and other practices that we often do reduces porous surfaces thus exacerbating the risks coming with surface water runoff.
Trees intercept rain thus reducing the volume as well as the rate of runoff. The leaves, trunk and the branches slow down the speed at which rainwater reaches the ground. This allows some of the water which would otherwise reach the ground to evaporate into the atmosphere. The reduced speed also helps in preventing soil erosion. Besides that, the volume of water that infiltrates into the soil is increased. Interception by trees slows the speed at which rainwater reaches the sewers and drains thus minimizing the chances of flooding.
A study carried out by the University of Manchester indicates that increasing plant cover in urban areas by 10% can reduce surface runoff by 6%. Unfortunately, recent years have seen a decline of tree covers in towns and cities. The constant reduction of green spaces and trees might be the reason why floods are increasingly becoming a major hazard in towns. Communities need to be sensitized on the importance of trees when it comes to controlling floods.
How Trees Are Beneficial to the Economy
Not so many of us know that trees have an unparalleled economic value. Trees are known to increase property values. People in real estate industry understand the meaning of a home that has a garden full of trees.
Also, research from credible sources shows that businesses on tree-lined streets do very well as compared to those with 'bare’ streets. Shopping areas with shade trees encourage clients to linger and shop longer.
Offices as well as, industrial areas with green spaces enjoy a higher demand of employers. Employees can be able to walk under the shady trees during breaks and lunch hours. This directly translates to higher productivity. A study on Employee Life Enhancement shows that employees without a view of nature in their working environs reported 25% more instances of illnesses than those operating within a green setting.
Trees can significantly cut down heating and cooling costs for homes and offices. They can reduce up to 30% of the total cooling costs and up to 50% of the heating costs. Trees cool buildings during hot weather by providing the required shade conditions. Canopy trees also trap snow during winter allowing buildings to heat up faster.
Planting Trees in Urban Settings To Reduce Flooding
Public Spaces Such as Parks
Creating and maintaining tree covers in towns starts with tree planting. Trees can be retrofitted into areas which are prone to surface runoff. This includes planting trees in car parks and on slopes susceptible to runoff. Supervised by local authorities and other environment related bodies, tree planting should in public spaces need to be planned to prevent conflicts of interests between the community and the authorities.
Private Spaces – Grounds, Gardens & Businesses
To fully realize the benefits of urban forestry, people need to employ techniques such planting cover crops in their gardens to reduce surface runoff. Also, to reduce flooding and other effects of storm water, people can install water butts and gutters to capture water from roofs. Water collected can be used to water the trees planted during dry spells. Besides reducing flooding, can provide shade and shelter. It’s important to choose the right tree for the space available in your garden. Tree service agencies like Nashua tree service can help you find the right trees for your garden.
Schools, churchyards, allotments and public grounds offer great avenues for tree planting. Community garden projects can assist in transforming neighborhoods by improving their appearance. The local authorities and the community need to collaborate for development effective tree planting programs.
Call Nashua Tree Service today at (877) 959-9540 for a free quote.